Title : Who Are the First Users of a Newly-Emerging International Currency? A Demand-Side Study of Chinese Renminbi Internationalization
Authors : Hyoung-kyu Chey(National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies), Geun-Young Kim(BOK), Dong Hyun Lee(BOK)
Who are the first users of a newly-internationalizing currency? This issue, crucial to understanding the dynamics of the emergence of a new international monetary order, remains long underexplored in the existing literature, which tends to adopt a supply-side approach analyzing mainly the international currency issuers. Our study addresses this important question, with a focus on the case of the Chinese renminbi, by employing a demand-side approach examining the international currency users through generalized ordered logistic
regression analysis. Our primary argument is that a state hosting a major global financial center—a condition largely independent of influence from countries issuing international currencies—is likely to be more interested in enhancing its use of the renminbi, implying thereby that global financial institutions and the related inter-state rivalries among international currency users may play crucial roles in the shaping of a new international monetary order. We in addition find significant impacts on a state’s interest in renminbi use resulting from its
institutional economic cooperation with China through a preferential trade agreement or a bilateral investment treaty, but that a country’s mere trade and investment integration with China does not meaningfully affect its government’s support for renminbi use.